What Is a Dental Abscess?

A dental abscess is an irritating swelling filled with a thick yellow fluid. There are different kinds of a dental abscess: a gum abscess (a.k.a. periodontal abscess) and a tooth abscess (a.k.a. periapical abscess).

What are the causes of a dental abscess?

Abscesses can form when the inside of the mouth is irritated and bacteria enter, creating a contagion. The abscess forms near this infection as a barrier, stopping the disease from spreading.

A gum abscess, caused by infection between the gum and tooth, might happen when food gets trapped or in cases of an extreme periodontal disease, when bacteria builds up under the bone and gum.

A tooth abscess is at the tip of the tooth's root and occurs when a tooth's nerve is dying or dead.

Symptoms of a dental abscess

Dental abscess symptoms include:

  1. Throbbing pain
  2. Swollen areas filled with pus
  3. Inflamed gums
  4. Teeth sensitive to pressure
  5. Bad taste in the mouth

It is crucial not to ignore gum or tooth abscess symptoms, as the infection can last several months or years and will not go away without proper treatment. If left untreated, the disease can create damage to the surrounding teeth and bone and could also progress to the bloodstream, causing more complications.

Treatment for a dental abscess

If a tooth or gum abscess might be a possibility, make an appointment with a dentist.

The dentist will clean the infected area in and around the abscess, complete abscess drainage to remove trapped pus and cure the infection. A fistula grows in the mouth through bone and skin to allow pus to drain. If this hollow tunnel has emerged because of the abscess, the dentist will clean the area, allowing the fistula to close.

When an infection has begun in the tooth, the dentist will need to make a tiny hole in the tooth, allowing the abscess to drain. Root canal treatment, crowns or fillings will follow this procedure.

In cases where the abscess has caused damage to the tooth or is unusually large, the tooth may need removal treatment.

If a dental abscess develops by periodontal disease, the disease will need to be treated to prevent further infection. However, the dentist can drain the abscess to alleviate pain.

How to prevent a dental abscess

Abscesses can be prevented by maintaining good dental health, which includes daily brushing and flossing, as well as regular checkups with a dental professional.

Request an appointment in our Plano dentist office here: https://planodentist.net.

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